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Relationship & Sex Education

Relationship and Sex Education (RSE) is part of the personal, social, health and citizenship curriculum, although aspects of RSE may be taught in other subjects, eg Science or Drama.  

During RSE pupils will learn about the importance of marriage in family life, stable and loving relationships, respect, love and care as well as sex, sexuality and sexual health. RSE is taught in the context of pupils’ physical, moral and emotional development. 

Aims and Objectives

In Key Stage 1, pupils will learn about:

  • growth and change and lifecycles
  • where babies come from
  • the importance of families and friends
  • how to make choices and the possible consequences of those choices
  • how to manage conflict eg sort out a playground dispute
  • moral dilemmas and how to solve them

In Key Stage 2, pupils will learn about:

  • building positive relationships with others, involving trust and respect
  • positive qualities and expectations for relationships
  • the emotional aspects of puberty and the associated difficulties with relationships
  • the physical and emotional changes that occur at puberty
  • the need for good personal hygiene
  • periods and how to manage them
  • the physical differences between boys and girls
  • how humans reproduce and how babies are born
  • respect for their own bodies and the importance of sex as being part of a committed, long-term and loving relationship
  • the importance of family life
  • how to make choices and the possible consequences of those choices
  • how to manage conflict
  • moral dilemmas and how to solve them
  • how to avoid peer pressure and how to say ‘no’

Before starting work, teachers will discuss and agree ground rules with the children to help create a safe environment in which no-one feels embarrassed or anxious and in which confidentiality is respected. This may include teaching boys and girls separately. Children will be reminded that the content of such lessons should not be discussed in school with younger children. Teachers will answer questions gently and honestly and the establishment of ground rules should ensure that only appropriate questions are asked. If a child requires specific help or guidance, the teacher will direct them to seek advice from their parents.


The Role of Parents

Parents play a key role in a child’s relationship and sex education, and parents of children in Years 4, 5 and 6 will be invited to view the resource materials and discuss how the issues will be taught.

Parents have the right to withdraw their child from all or part of the sex education programme.