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Principles in the teaching of Modern Foreign Languages (MFL)

To develop an interest in and enjoyment of learning another language through:

Listening, speaking and spoken interaction (Oracy):

  • To encourage, through a range of spoken activities, authentic conversation in another language.
  • To train pupils’ ears to recognise the new sounds of a foreign language:
                - by listening to good models of pronunciation (languages taught by a specialist French, Spanish  and German teacher and CDs/video clips used extensively).
                - by encouraging a high standard of pronunciation.
                - by helping pupils to link sounds to spelling.

Reading and writing:

  • To facilitate the recognition and spelling of new vocabulary.
  • To promote the accurate copying of French/German/Spanish words.
  • To increase the understanding of how languages work by comparing MFLs with English.
  • To create an awareness of grammar patterns and rules (genders, adjectival agreements etc.).

Intercultural understanding

  • To give an insight into the people and culture of other countries (mainly France, Germany and Spain).
  • To foster and develop an open-minded attitude to other ways of life.


  • French is taught as part of the curriculum to all pupils from Nursery
    up to the end of Year 3.
  • From Year 4, Spanish becomes the principal language taught in order to prepare pupils for Lingfield College Senior School. French will continue to be taught alongside this in Year 4.
  • In Year 5, pupils will continue to study both Spanish and French for the whole year.
  • In Year 6, the children will be introduced to German, giving them the opportunity to develop a wider range of linguistic skills. German will be taught for the whole year alongside Spanish, helping pupils to get a good taster of the language before choosing whether to study French or German alongside Spanish in Lingfield College Senior School.
  • A Languages Club after school is offered once a week for year 2 upwards. This
    explores a variety of different languages and cultures.
  • French, Spanish and German Enrichment Clubs are offered once a week to allow children progressing well in these subjects to be stretched further.
  • French, Spanish and German Booster Clubs will also be offered once a week to give children who might need more support a chance to practise and consolidate their learning.

French teaching is based on the schemes of work developed by Cave Languages. As well as teaching the French language in a fun, vibrant way, this scheme places a strong emphasis on the learning of phonics to aid pronunciation. Supplementary materials comprise additional resources, both developed in-house and bought from well-known educational publishers. Authentic material (such as story books) is used regularly in lessons throughout the school. 

The German and Spanish topics taught are similar to those taught in KS1 French, as pupils are mostly beginners, but pedagogy is tailored to be more suitable to the age group. The Early Start Course is used as the principal teaching resource for both languages and is supplemented by published materials as well as those made in-house. These courses feature clips of the lives of real Spanish and German people and provide the pupils with examples of authentic dialogue and cultural information.

Pupils who find that they are struggling to learn more than one language may have the opportunity to withdraw from the second language lesson if it is deemed to be in their best interests. They may then be invited to attend additional English sessions during this time.


  • Nursery and Reception have 1 x 20 minute French lesson per week
  • Years 1 - 3 have 1 x 30 minute French lesson per week
  • Year 4 have 1 x 30 minute Spanish lesson and 1 x 30 minute French lesson per week
  • Year 5 have 1 x 30 minute Spanish lesson and 1 x 30 minute French lesson per week
  • Year 6 have 1 x 30 minute Spanish lesson and 1x 30 minute lesson of German per week.